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Posted on 05/29/2018 in Category 1

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease caused by a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin, which results in a failure to metabolize sugars and starch. This can result in two conditions:

Small amount of sugar in the blood

Too much sugar in the blood

Diabetics need to control their blood sugar level carefully by balancing the amount of sugar in the diet, using insulin or taking tablets. If a diabetic has taken too much insulin by mistake or has eaten a small amount of food or missed a meal, or if exercise has been burnt up the sugar concentration in the blood. This can lead to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) low blood sugar will affect the bran and for a long time will result in unconsciousness and possible death.

Signs and symptoms of diabetes Mellitus

  • Limbs may begin to tremble
  • The skin will look pale with profuse sweating
  • Their breath will be odorless and breathing may become shallow
  • Pulse may become rapid
  • A diabetic may become confused and disoriented
  • Their level of responsiveness may deteriorate rapidly
  • They may feel faint, dizzy and light headed

If you happened find someone with diabetes who has fallen unconscious but he or she is still breathing, you should immediately place them on their side and slight bend the foot that is on top and elevate their head with a pillow or with their hands under his or her cheeks with chin lifted upward. If the diabetic is conscious and capable of swallowing, immediately give him/her sugar lumps, glucose, sweet drink, chocolate or any other sweet food. This will raise the level of sugar in the blood. Unconscious diabetics should be taken to the hospital immediately. I hope this information was of some help.

If you need to check if you have diabetes or need to sign with a doctor nearby or in case of any emergency see our listing under Doctor in our Online BusinessDirectory,  Jamaica business directory

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